HAWAIIAN ARCHAEOLOGY, VOLUME 15 (2021)

Dear SHA Members,

We are pleased to announce that after a brief hiatus, production is now underway for Volume 15 of Hawaiian Archaeology. This issue features 2 editorials, 5 research articles, and 3 book reviews. Please see the below table of contents for a preview. 

We are now also accepting submissions for Volume 16 (2022), with a formal call for submissions to follow soon.

While all are welcome to submit to Hawaiian Archaeologyonly SHA members with active memberships will receive a copy of Volume 15. Please remember that membership dues renew at the start of each calendar year. To make sure you receive a copy of our latest issue, renew your membership by March 1, 2021.

Mahalo,

Jillian Swift & William Belcher

Editors, Hawaiian Archaeology

HAWAIIAN ARCHAEOLOGY, VOLUME 15 (2021)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Editorials

Lei Niho Palaoa and Digital Tools to Safeguard Against the Illicit Use of Ancient DNA

Keolu Fox

Archaeology of Poverty (ʻIlihune) in the Hawaiian Islands

Mark D. McCoy

Research Articles

The Passive Side of Conflict Archaeology: The 2016 to 2019 Excavations of a POW Mess Hall in the Honouliuli Internment POW Camp, Island of Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi

William R. Belcher

Quantitative Analysis of Shell Material Collected from the South Point Dune Site During the 1953-1958 Excavations

Michael J. Oras

An Overview of Digitally Documenting Surface and Subterranean Sites at the U.S. Armyʻs Pōhakuloa Training Area, Hawaiʻi

Ted Parsons

Status and Gender in Hawaiian House Complexes

Kirsten Garwood Vacca and Michael J. Kolb

Prehistory of the Saddle Region of Hawaiʻi Island

Charles M. Langlas

Book Reviews

JoAnna Poblete, Balancing the Tides: Marine Practices in American Samoa

Reviewed by Kylie Tuitavuki

Sam Low, Hawaiki Rising: Hōkūleʻa, Nainoa Thompson, and the Hawaiian Renaissance

Reviewed by Maris Kamalu

Mark D. McCoy, Maps for Time Travelers: How Archaeologists Use Technology to Bring Us Closer To the Past

Reviewed by Kepa Lyman

NO LONGER ACCEPTING APPLICANTS

Company: International Archaeology, LLC (IA)
Position: Archaeologist/Field Technician
Location: Guam

Description: International Archaeology, LLC (IA) is accepting applications for the position of Archaeologist/Field Technician in the Guam office (must have a valid U.S. passport or U.S. work permit [for entry into U.S. military installations] and driver’s license). This is a full-time temporary position that will last for approximately 2-3 months, beginning immediately. The term may be extended as company needs and individual performance warrant. The work will include archaeological monitoring, survey, and excavation. A minimum of 2 years of archaeological experience is required; archaeological experience in the Pacific is preferred though not required. The position requires work experience and skills sufficient to independently recognize surface and subsurface archaeological remains, assess the type of work needed to appropriately perform field documentation of the remains, and to efficiently carry out such documentation, which includes maintaining organized and comprehensive written records. Applicants must have a B.A. or M.A. degree in anthropology with specialization in archaeology or a degree in a related field. Hourly wage range is $22.00-$25.00 commensurate with position and experience of the applicant, benefits include one round-trip airfare to Guam, housing at no charge, per diem, and use of a company vehicle. Please submit a letter of interest and résumé (including three references) to MGrant@iarii.org and TRieth@iarii.org. Closing date: February 22, 2021.

Archaeology Job Opportunity on Big Island

PTA CRM TECHNICIAN
– ID#
221020. 

Pacific
International Center for High Technology Research.  Regular,
Full-Time, RCUH Non-Civil Service position with the Pacific International
Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR), performing project tasks on land
controlled by U.S. Army Garrison, Hawai‘i (USAG-HI) at Pōhakuloa Training Area
(PTA), located on the Island of Hawai‘i.

MONTHLY
SALARY RANGE:
  $3,467-$4,000/Mon. 

DUTIES:  Provides
day-to-day support in implementing the Island of Hawai‘i Cultural Resource
Program Scope of Work (SOW).  Serves as
PTA Cultural Resources Technician and performs assigned tasks to implement
programs developed by the Cultural Resources Program Manager U.S. Army Hawai‘i
(USARHAW).  Works to support all
fieldwork, including accompanying cultural accesses, driving to
historical/archaeological sites to do periodic monitoring, pedestrian survey,
data collection and input, and coordination of assigned tasks/projects.  Becomes familiar with installation plans,
undertakings, and cultural studies and inventories.  Works in areas with Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)
with professional Explosive Ordnance
Disposal (EOD)
supervision.

PRIMARY
QUALIFICATIONS: EDUCATION/TRAINING: 
Bachelor’s Degree from an accredited
four (4) year college or university in Archaeology, Anthropology, Cultural
Resources Management, or related field. 

EXPERIENCE:  Field school or at least three (3) months of
experience in archaeological fieldwork, ethnography, or similar experience.

PHYSICAL/MEDICAL
REQUIREMENTS: 
Works under strenuous and extreme
outdoor conditions.  Able to hike up to
ten (10) miles per day with backpack weighing up to forty (40) pounds
unassisted, and camp in remote and rugged areas for periods of several days.
Backpacking field trips of several hours are commonly required over rough
terrain at elevations of 5,000 to 8,000 feet.

SECONDARY
QUALIFICATIONS: 
Education
and experience in the cultural and archaeological setting specific to Army
lands on Hawai‘i islands.  Experience in
Hawai‘i or Pacific Islands archaeology. 
Experience with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and GPS, in
addition to advanced knowledge and experience with Microsoft Access database
management.  Experience performing a
variety of cultural resources program tasks, particularly in a governmental
agency setting. 

INQUIRIES:  Ana Tejeda 808-345-1111 (Hawai‘i). 

APPLICATION
REQUIREMENTS:
Please go to www.rcuh.com
and click on “Job Postings.” You must submit the following documents online to
be considered for the position: 1) Cover Letter, 2) Resume, 3) Supervisory
References, 4) Copy of Degree(s)/Transcript(s)/Certificate(s). All online applications must be
submitted/received by the closing date (11:59 P.M. Hawai‘i Standard Time/RCUH
receipt time) as stated on the job posting. If you do not have access to our
system and the closing date is imminent, you may send additional documents to rcuh_employment@rcuh.com. If you have questions on the
application process and/or need assistance, please call (808)956-7262 or
(808)956-0872.  CLOSING DATE:  January 29, 2021. 

RCUH’s
mission
is to support and enhance research, development and training in Hawai‘i, with a
focus on the University of
Hawai‘i.

Equal Opportunities Employer – Minorities/Women/Disability/Veteran.

Newly Elected Board of Directors 2020-2022

Officers:

President
Mara Mulrooney

Vice-President
Scott Belluomini

Treasurer
Charmaine Wong

Recording Secretary
Summer Moore

Communications Secretary/Webmaster:
Angus Raff-Tierney

Standing Committee Chairs:

Education:

Seth Quintus

Legislative:
Vacant

Publications:
Jillian Swift

Standards & Ethics:
Kirsten Vacca

Student Representative:
Kylie Tuitavuki

Public Relations:
Ana Tejeda

Conference Committee Chair:
Alexandra Bennicas

Deferred Annual General Meeting Elections Nov 4th

During the annual general meeting, elections of Officers and Conference chairs was deferred to November 4th at 5 pm. All positions are up for election. If you are a current SHA member and would like to participate or run, send an email to: sha2020honolulu@gmail.com

PICHTR/CULTURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (OAHU) SENIOR SUPERVISOR – ID# 220463

Pacific International Center for High Technology Research.  Regular,
Full-Time, RCUH Non-Civil Service position with the Pacific International
Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR), performing project tasks on land
controlled by U.S. Army Garrison Hawai‘i (USAG- HI), located on the Island of
Oahu, Hawai‘i. Continuation of employment is dependent upon program/operational
needs, satisfactory work performance, availability of funds, and compliance
with applicable Federal/State laws. 

MONTHLY SALARY RANGE: 
$4,553-$6,000/Mon. 

DUTIES: 

  • Directs, supervises, and assigns work to PICHTR CRM Oahu staff and implements actions necessary for compliance with Federal, State, and Army laws and regulations governing possible effects of Army actions on historic/cultural resources, which includes archival research, document preparation, and performing limited architecture and archeology surveys and excavations necessary to support consultations.
  • Duties include but not limited to supervision of work, personnel functions (hiring, promotions, and terminations) managing safety of direct reports. Ensures day-to-day support in implementing the Oahu Cultural Resources Program Scope of Work (SOW).
  • Integrates the Cultural Resource Program with the Army Archaeologists and staff.
  • Ensures all fieldwork, including accompanying cultural accesses, monitoring, pedestrian survey, data collection and input, and coordination of assigned tasks/projects.
  • Responsible for project deliverables and meeting the objectives of the SOW.
  • Reviews installation development plans, proposed undertakings, and troop training/maneuver plans.
  • Responsible for staff safety and compliance with all safety Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), including but not limited to Unexploded Ordnance (UXO).
  • Work assignments may include driving project 4-wheel drive vehicles (e.g., to properties to supervise evaluations of historic buildings to determine potential eligibility for listing on State and National Registers of Historic Places), field work involving hiking up to ten (10) miles per day carrying supplies/equipment up to forty (40) pounds over uneven terrain, and/or work in environments requiring the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
  • Participates in public outreach activities as requested. 

PRIMARY QUALIFICATIONS:

EDUCATION/TRAINING: 

  • Master’s Degree from an accredited college or university in Anthropology, Archeology, Architectural History, Historic Preservation, or Cultural Resource Management.
  • (Bachelor’s Degree from an accredited four (4) year college or university in Anthropology, Archeology, Architectural History or a related field such as Historic Preservation, or Cultural Resource Management, and at least three (3) years of field or project supervision, or management experience may substitute for a Master’s Degree). 

EXPERIENCE: 

  • Three to five (3-5) years of experience in field and program/project supervision or management in Archeology, Architectural History, Historic Preservation, or Cultural Resource Management.
  • Architectural Historian experience may include three to five (3-5) years of experience conducting surveys necessary to support Section 106 consultation and mitigation measures, and formal evaluations of historic buildings to determine eligibility for State and National Registers of Historic Places, performance of archival research, preparation of documents and technical reports on historic buildings.
  • Archeology experience may include three to five (3-5) performing archaeological fieldwork, drafting archaeological plans, writing results of field or lab procedures, lab analysis, and data collection and input.
  • Experience may be three to five (3-5) years of experience as a Field Supervisor in an Archaeological project, which include pedestrian survey, mapping, minor excavation, testing and project report write-up. 

ABIL/KNOW/SKILLS: 

  • Proficient knowledge and understanding of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, and related laws and regulations.
  • Knowledge of cultural history, preferably of Hawaiian or Pacific Islands.
  • Knowledge of management principles including, but not limited to, supervising/developing employees, Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO), workplace safety, corrective/disciplinary actions, and administration of policies and procedures.
  • Ability to establish work standards/expectations and clear direction to meet goals and objectives of ongoing work for direct reports.
  • Ability to provide guidance, motivate, and engage direct reports through effective communication and leadership.
  • Ability to assign work and to establish work rules and acceptable levels of quality and quantity of work.
  • Ability to review work and evaluate performance, and develop required job competencies of direct reports.
  • Strong oral and written communication skills.
  • Ability to communicate and interact with internal/external staff, officials, and public in a professional manner. 
  • Ability to use a compass, map, and GPS.
  • Computer literate in Microsoft Office applications, including Word, Access, Excel, PowerPoint, and Outlook.
  • Additional software knowledge includes familiarity with ArcView Geographic Information System (GIS) software or similar.
  • Must possess a valid driver’s license (and if use of personal vehicle on the job is required, must also have valid personal driver’s insurance equivalent to Hawai‘i’s No-Fault Driver’s Insurance) and maintain throughout the duration of employment.
  • Must be able to drive a 4-wheel drive vehicle with automatic transmission.
  • Post Offer/Employment Conditions: Must be able to pass a Department of Defense (DoD) security check for employment as an Army contractor. Applicants selected will be subject to a Government security investigation and must meet eligibility requirements for access to unclassified, but sensitive information. Must possess the American Red Cross Certification in First Aid/CPR (or be able to obtain the certificate following the training provided within three (3) months from date of hire) and maintain throughout duration of employment. Must complete UXO training within six (6) months from date of hire as job duties will require work in UXO areas. Must complete online forty (40) hour Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) training within two (2) weeks from date of hire or may be subject to termination. Must complete the online Hazard Communication training immediately after hire or no later than employee’s initial exposure to hazardous chemicals. 

PHYSICAL/MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS: 

  • Able and willing to possibly work under strenuous and extreme outdoor conditions.
  • Ability to hike up to ten (10) miles per day with backpack weighing up to forty (40) pounds.

POLICY AND/OR
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS:
 As a
condition of employment, employee will be subject to all applicable RCUH
policies and procedures and, as applicable, subject to University of Hawai‘i’s
and/or business entity’s policies and procedures.  Violation of RCUH’s, UH’s, or business
entity’s policies and/or procedures or applicable State or Federal laws and/or
regulations may lead to disciplinary action (including, but not limited to
possible termination of employment, personal fines, civil and/or criminal
penalties, etc.).  

SECONDARY QUALIFICATIONS: 

  • Three to five (3-5) years of experience in identifying, documenting, evaluating, monitoring, or managing cultural resources.
  • One to three (1-3) years of experience with project management to include budget development and management, personnel management and grooming, contract project oversight and management, as well as familiarity with curation, archival records management, archival research, GIS, and outreach.
  • Knowledge of the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS)/Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) documentation standards and guidelines.
  • Specialized knowledge of the Secretary of Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Preservation, Rehabilitation, Restoration, and Reconstruction.
  • Education and experience in the cultural, archaeological and architectural setting specific to Army lands on Oahu or Hawai‘i islands.
  • Experience in Hawai‘i or Pacific Islands archaeology.
  • Knowledge of DoD cultural resources in general and the policy, organizational, and operational contexts within which they are managed.
  • Skill as a catalyst and motivator to elicit cooperation and compliance actions from diverse individuals and groups.
  • Knowledge of local, Federal, and State lands use and environmental laws.
  • Demonstrated ability and willingness to make frequent, effective oral and written presentations.
  • Familiarity with integrative techniques used to inventory, assess, and display cultural resource assets, environmental impacts, and their interrelationships.
  • Experience coordinating a variety of cultural resources program tasks, particularly in a governmental agency setting. 

INQUIRIES:  Dr. Lisa Gollin 943-9581 (Oahu).  

Please apply directly on the RCUH
website to be considered for the position.

APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS: Please go to www.rcuh.com and click on “Job Postings.” You must submit the following
documents online to be considered for the position: 1) Cover Letter, 2) Resume,
3) Supervisory References, 4) Copy of Degree(s)/Transcript(s)/Certificate(s).
All online applications must be
submitted/received by the closing date (11:59 P.M. Hawai‘i Standard Time/RCUH
receipt time) as stated on the job posting. If you do not have access to our
system and the closing date is imminent, you may send additional documents to rcuh_employment@rcuh.com. If you have questions
on the application process and/or need assistance, please call (808)956-7262 or
(808)956-0872. 

CLOSING DATE: October
26, 2020.

RCUH’s mission is to support and enhance research, development and
training in Hawai‘i, with a focus on the University of
Hawai‘i.

Equal Opportunities
Employer – Minorities/Women/Disability/Veteran.

Conference Program Now Available!

SHA-2020-Programupdated

SHA Conference 2020

SHA 2020 Conference

Remembering-Captain-Rick

ASM Affiliates (ASM) – IMMEDIATE Openings for Field Technicians

ASM Affiliates (ASM) has immediate openings for qualified full-time archaeological technicians in its Honolulu offices. Active and upcoming projects include survey, excavation, and monitoring.

Minimum requirements:

B.A. in Anthropology or Archaeology, including archaeological field school training;

Prior private sector CRM experience, preferably in Hawaii or the Pacific Islands, including survey, excavation, and monitoring;

Must be detail-oriented, organized, and have superior field skills.

Hawaiian language (reading and/or speaking) skills are desirable but not required. Some off-island travel may be necessary. Clean driving record and Hawaiʻi driver’s license required.

ASM is an equal opportunity employer. We are a full-service, employee-owned heritage management firm with a focus on community-based research. Pay will be commensurate with experience and will include a benefits package. Positions will be open until filled. Please send resume and cover letter to Matthew Clark, M.A., Director ASM Hilo, mclark@asmaffiliates.com. Visit our web-page: http://www.asmaffiliates.com, or call (808) 969-6066.

Archeologist – Department of the Army

ARCHEOLOGIST
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Army Installation Management Command
USAG-HI, Pohakuloa Training Area, Directorate of Public Works

Serves as a technical resource, providing up-to-date professional archeological advice and recommendations to the Cultural Resources Program Manager, DPW, in the management of historic properties (e.g., buildings, archeological sites, etc.) at the Pohakuloa Training Area (PTA).

Open & closing dates
06/25/2020 to 07/10/2020

Apply at: https://www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/572033700

Responsibilities
• You will design, initiate, administer, and participate in cultural resource surveys and
excavations.
• Provide archeological expertise in locating, inventorying, evaluating, and protecting
historic properties.
• Ensure programs and projects are in compliance with federal laws and regulations and
Army regulations and directives.
• Prepare and/or review documentation on properties for nomination to the National
Register of Historical Places.
• Maintain records of compliance efforts including general information and specific
information for each project.
Travel Required
Occasional travel – You may be expected to travel for this position.

Service: Competitive
Pay scale & grade: GS 11
Salary: $66,002 to $85,801 per year
A 4.28% Cost of Living Allowance (COLA) is currently authorized, subject to change.
Appointment type: Permanent
Work schedule: Full-Time

Relocation expenses reimbursed: Yes Payment of Permanent Change of Station (PCS) costs MAY BE authorized, subject to the provisions of the Joint Travel Regulations. A Recruitment or Relocation or Retention Incentive may be authorized.

Telework eligible: No

This job is open to:
Career transition (CTAP, ICTAP, RPL)
Federal employees – Competitive service
Land & base management
Military spouses
Veterans