2015 Conference Fieldtrips

Field trips scheduled for the Society of Hawaiian Archaeology Conference: October 9, 2015

Kaua‘i Pā‘ula‘ula

Makauwahi Cave

Koloa Field System

Kaua‘i Pā‘ula‘ula (commonly known as “Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park”

Peter Mills (professor of anthropology at UH Hilo) will provide a tour of Pā ʻulaʻula, which was built in 1816 as part of paramount chief Kaumualiʻi’s residential compound when he formed an alliance with Georg Anton Schaffer of the Russian-American Company. Contrary to popular interpretations, the fort was never controlled by a Russian garrison, but was immensely important to Kaumualiʻi and his successors in the control of Kauaʻi from 1816 to 1854. Mills will cover the archaeological projects that have taken place at the site, including work by Patrick McCoy, Pila Kikuchi, Rob Hommon and their crews in the 1970s, and two years of archaeological field schools that Mills conducted at the site in 1993 and 1994 as part of his dissertation in cooperation with Hawaiʻi State Parks.

Meet: Parking lot for Russian Fort Elisabeth State Historical Park parking lot, on the makai side of Kaumuali‘i Highway as you travel from Lihue to Waimea. You will see a road sign for the park before you reach the bridge for Waimea River.

Time: 9 -11 a.m.

Recommended: Water, hats, sunscreen

Contact: Peter Mills, Ph.D., Professor of Anthropology, UH Hilo

Email: millsp@hawaii.edu

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Makauwahi Cave

Lida Pigott Burney (paleoecologist and site manager) will lead a tour of the Makauwahi Cave Reserve, where thousands of visitors and students have assisted with a quarter century of paleontological and archaeological excavation. The site has also hosted an archaeological field school program through UHManoa, as well as a broad range of educational and cultural activities. The widely published results from the site justify the claim that this is the richest fossil site in the Hawaiian Islands, and an archaeological site with uniquely good preservation, including perishable materials and even ancient DNA. The cave sediments contain a fossil record of the millennia prior to human arrival, including extinct birds, land snails, insects, seeds, and pollen, as well as some of the earliest well-dated evidence for human arrival and activities in the subsequent centuries, including artifacts of early Polynesian life and later periods, through the plantation era and up to the present. Visitors will see evidence for a pre-contact tsunami larger than any from the historical period, as well as examples of traditional kalo lo`i, native plant restorations, and a herd of giant tortoises that help control the weeds in the restorations. This site has played a major role in documenting the environmental changes of recent centuries, securely dating earliest human arrival, and demonstrating how an archaeological site can help shape efforts in ecological and cultural restoration.

Meet: Old Koloa Sugar Mill/Kaua‘i ATV parking area.

Time: 9 -11:30 a.m.

Recommended: Hats and sunscreen, bring water. You may also want to bring a lunch if you would like to eat either at our picnic area or on the beach after the tour.

Contact: Lida Burney, manager Makauwahi Cave Reserve/Chris Landreau, Aina Pacific Phone: Lida: (808) 482-1059 Chris: (808) 332-5124

Email: makauwahi@gmail.com /cny@ainapacific.com

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Kōloa Field System

This will be a hands-on self and group discovery, with some guidance, of the unique features of the Kōloa field system as represented in two preserve areas. The first one is adjacent to the Golf Club House parking lot. The second is mauka on Kaihuna Plantation Drive.

Meet: Kiahuna Golf Club House Parking Lot on Kiahuna Drive off Po‘ipu road in Po‘ipu.

Time: 11am – 2pm

Recommended: good shoes, water, sunscreen

Contact: Hal Hammatt, Ph.D. Cultural Surveys Hawaii, Inc. Phone: (808) 262-9972


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